SPSRNELLORE District situated in the South Eastern portion of the state with a costal length of 163 KM bounded by Bay of Bengal on the East. The district was known as VIKRAMA SIMHAPURI until 13th Century and later it came to be referred to as Nellore.
Historically the district was under the rule of mouryas, sathavahanas, pallavas, cholas, telugcholas, kakatias, pandyans etc. The great Telugu poet Tikkana Somayaji translated 15 parvas of Sanskrit Mahabharata into Telugu in Nellore.
The city derives its name from the Tamil, "nelli" which means rice, as paddy cultivation is the predominant occupation in this region. Nellore has a long history that streches back to the 6th century A.D. Once ruled by the Pallava and Chola dynastics, Golconda vassals, Nawabs of Arcot and the Vijayanagara kings, Nellore, which was in the erstwhile Madras State, became a part of Andhra Pradesh in 1956.
Satish Dhawan Space Research Centre (SHAR) near Sullurpet has the worldwide significance of Scientific importance. Nelapattu is a beautiful Bird sanctuary where Pelicans, Flamingo, Strocks and other 20 variety of birds comes from other countries and stays from October to February, March every year. Pulicat lake is an important sight seeing place extended to about 12 Kms where storck and other birds from various countries comes in November, lays eggs, leaves the chicks there and left the place.
The Total population in the Nellore district is 20,32,736 as per 2011 Census. In which Male Population is 102,40,18 and Female Population is 100,87,18.
Winter: January and February,
Summer: March to May,
South West Monsoons – June to September,
North East Monsoons – October to December
The maximum temperature is 36-46c during summer and the minimum temperature is 23-25c during winter. The rainfall ranges from 700–1000 mm through South West and North East Monsoons. Nellore is subject both to droughts and to floods based on the seasons.
Nellore is also famous for quality rice production and aqua (prawn and fish) culture . Nellore district is called the "Shrimp capital of India" due to its high production of cultured shrimp. About 70 percent of the total work force is dependent upon agriculture either as farmers or as agricultural labour. The main crops are rice paddy and sugar cane. It is particularly famous for a rice breed called "Molagolukulu". Other crops are cotton, lemon and oil seeds (like peanuts) and horticultural seeds.
The handloom sector is a small scale industry and next to agriculture by the number of people depend on it. Venkatagiri and Patur are important handloom centres in the district noted for their traditional handcrafted fine cotton and silk sarees embrodied with pure zari.
The following are major industries located in Sri Potti Sri Ramulu Nellore District ,
- Nippo Batteries factory,TADA,Nellore dt.
- Krishnapatnam Port,Muthukuru Nellore Dist.
- SHAR (Sri Harikota High Altitude Range) located in Sriharikota, Nellore Dt.
- Kovur Thermal Power Plant (defunct)
- Kovur Sugar Factory
- Nellore Nippo Batteries factory.
- Balaji Steel in Nellore.
- Mica Mines in Gudur and Sydapuram mandals.
- Adidas Apache in Tada, Nellore dt.
- Krishnapatnam Thermal Station.
- Krishnapatnam Port trust.
- SBQ Steel plant, Gudur, Nellore dt.
- Powertech, TADA, Nellore
Krishnapatnam is a major port and market center situated at a distance of 20 km. The port is expected to become a world-class deep-water port. Iron ore and granite are being exported from Krishna Patnam to other countries like China. One railway line links it with Vekatachalam on main railway line. Tada is at a distance of 80 km from Nellore with new industrial ventures like the Adidas factory and Tata's Leather park.